Category Archive: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute

Feb 27 2019

Stronger Communities Through Research: Q&A With Phylicia Fitzpatrick Fleming, PhD, New Diversity Fellow

As part of a three-part Q&A series on Cornerstone, we’re introducing new members of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia research community. The Postdoctoral Fellowship for Academic Diversity supports our belief that innovation is enhanced when a diverse group of researchers from a variety of backgrounds, disciplines, and perspectives contribute to solutions.  In this series, we’re learning more about our newest Diversity Fellows through their own voices, taking us on a journey from where their research paths began to their favorite pastimes.

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Feb 25 2019

Merging Mechanics and Human Movement: Q&A With Ozell Sanders, PhD, New Diversity Fellow

Breakthroughs occur when great minds from a variety of backgrounds join together in the spirit of innovation. At Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, we see diversity as a key driver of achievement and crucial when the accomplishments at stake have the potential to change, and even save, children’s lives. Among the ways CHOP demonstrates its commitment to diversity in research is the Postdoctoral Fellowship for Academic Diversity. Three new diversity fellows recently joined the CHOP research community, bringing the wealth of their unique education, training, and life experiences. In a three-part Q&A series, we’ll learn more about these scholars, their areas of expertise and interest, and even a little bit about how they spend their hard-earned downtime.

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Feb 22 2019

In the News: Sleep Problems and Autism, Opioid Overprescription, Food Pharmacy, Gun Violence Prevention, Proof-of-Concept Award, and Lung Cells in Fetal Development

By Nancy McCann

We start this edition of In the News with a look at the prevalence of sleep problems in young children with autism spectrum disorder, a study on opioid prescriptions for kids with broken elbows, and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia’s grand opening of the Healthy Weight Food Pharmacy and the research behind it.

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Feb 20 2019

Can Cutting-Edge Imaging Help to Map Microstructure of Infants’ Brains?

By Sharlene George

The findings:

While parents busily prepare for the arrival of their newborn in the final stages of pregnancy, life in the womb also is full of activity. The cerebral cortex in the third trimester is maturing rapidly, establishing the complex neuronal connections needed to navigate a wondrous world. Researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia suggest a new noninvasive method based on diffusion kurtosis metrics could be used to map how the microstructure of brain regions develop during early infancy. This 4-D spatiotemporal cytoarchitectural signature could provide effective imaging markers to help scientists better understand typical and atypical brain development and the emergence of certain brain functions.

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Feb 18 2019

From Sci-Fi to Real Life, Stefano Rivella, PhD, on the Verge of Discovery

Bundled up in winter clothes from head to toe, 7-year-old Eric rolls a snowball around the backyard with his older brother, building it into a sizeable snowman. Mom, watching from her perch at the kitchen window, can hear her boys laughing — until — Eric doubles over in acute chest pain, crying out for her. Rushing to his side, she wonders how many more of these excruciating episodes and trips to the hospital Eric can endure.

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Feb 8 2019

In the News: Newly Linked Epilepsy Genes, Pediatric Safety Research, Teen Intern Recruits for Research, CHOP Visits UAE, Trends in Opioid Prescription

This week, we highlight the results of innovation powered by collaboration, within Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute and around the globe. A multicenter, international consortium revealed genes newly linked to epilepsy, while CHOP CEO Madeline Bell visited Dubai for an interchange of knowledge and technology at the largest medical conference in the world. Closer to home, the Children’s Hospitals’ Solutions for Patient Safety Network, comprised of 135 hospitals in the United States, published its findings on the most effective targets for pediatric patient safety research, and a high school intern helped researchers recruit participants for a teen driving study. Learn about the latest trends in pediatric opioid prescription, and get an update on the Delaney family, whose conjoined twin daughters were separated with painstaking care by a multidisciplinary team at CHOP.

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Feb 1 2019

Why Should We Automatically Reanalyze Genetics Test Results?

The findings:

The human genome contains approximately 20,000 genes, and exome analysis focuses on about 7,000 genes known in medical literature to be clinically associated with a disease. Currently, up to 70 percent of exome test reports are negative or inconclusive. But suppose at a later date a researcher discovers a gene that could be causative of the disease? 

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia researchers led by Avni Santani, PhD, associate professor of Clinical Pathology, developed a useful tool for automated reanalysis that facilitates efficient reevaluation of nondiagnostic clinical exome sequencing (CES) samples using up-to-date literature published after the initial exome analysis was performed. They demonstrated this methodology enabled identification of novel diagnostic findings in almost 16 percent of previously nondiagnostic samples. 

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Jan 25 2019

In the News: PA Device Consortium, Suicide Awareness, Future Fertility, Pneumonia Antibiotics, CAR Hosts Family Fun Research Day

If you’re looking for a spark of inspiration during January’s long and sometimes dreary days, don’t miss this week’s roundup of headlines from in and around Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Research Institute. Our scientists’ passionate work in the lab found a spotlight in the mainstream media as “TODAY” featured how our stem cell research can help today’s cancer survivors become tomorrow’s parents. Meanwhile, eye-opening findings from the Lifespan Brain Institute (LiBi) sparked a wider conversation about how pediatricians and parents can stay alert for suicidal thoughts in teens. In more news, a recent study highlighted the need for more antibiotic stewardship in non-children’s hospitals, while a successful device consortium based at CHOP officially became a statewide affair.

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Jan 21 2019

Building the Evidence Base for Treatment of Severe PARDS

Looking into the eyes of a distressed parent, you want to be able to tell them you’re providing interventions that are based on good evidence for the care of their child. When a gap in knowledge prevents that clinical confidence, Martha Curley, RN, PhD, FAAN, pediatric critical care nurse and research scientist, is there to help find answers.

“The main reason I completed a PhD in nursing science was so I could ask and answer questions relevant to the patient population I cared for as a critical care nurse,” said Dr. Curley, professor of nursing and Ruth M. Colket Endowed Chair in Pediatric Nursing, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and professor of anesthesia and critical care medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

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Jan 16 2019

Super Sleuths to Unravel Perplexing Pediatric Cases in Undiagnosed Diseases Network

Dealing with a mystery illness that doesn’t appear to match any conditions described in medical textbooks can entangle families on a diagnostic odyssey for years and even decades. Dozens of examinations, a barrage of tests, multiple misdiagnoses, and trips in and out of hospitals can leave them exhausted and no closer to knowing what is wrong with their child.

Those struggling to find a diagnosis can now turn to a new team of super sleuths from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania who are ready to unravel these perplexing diseases, in both children and adults. The two institutions received $2.5 million in research grants from the National Institutes of Health as a newly designated Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN) site.

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