Category Archive: Perelman School of Medicine

Jan 11 2018

Is Autism Associated With Stronger or Weaker Brain Connections?

The Finding:

In a new study that sheds light on a longstanding paradox in autism research, investigators showed how children and teens with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can have both stronger and weaker brain connections than their typically developing peers. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) revealed that while individuals with ASD have weaker brain connections compared to their peers overall (a measure known as absolute connectivity), they simultaneously exhibited stronger connections within the brain networks implicated in attention and social cognition compared to their other networks (a measure known as relative connectivity). Additionally, the more these brain connections differed from typical development, the more severe the child’s ASD symptoms seemed to be.

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Jan 5 2018

Researchers Take Gaming to a New Level to Help Children With Autism

Each new year comes with anticipation for the latest and greatest in the world of video games to be revealed. Which sequels will surpass their originals? Will beloved characters be reinvented? And we want to know: What brand-new entries are lined up that could offer an amazing experience in field of gaming for health?

The Center for Autism Research (CAR) at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia has several studies in the works that are looking at the feasibility of using video games and virtual reality to help children improve symptoms of autism. With engaging platforms and cutting-edge graphics, these games are aiming for a “high score” as easy-to-access, affordable, and effective interventions for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here’s a quick glance at what is on the horizon:

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Dec 27 2017

Our Most Read Stories of 2017 Bring Back the Wonder of Childhood

It was a big year for children’s health: We celebrated the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s approval of the world’s first chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy this September, followed closely by approval of the very first gene therapy to treat inherited blindness this month — both of which have their roots at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania. But besides the big headline-making breakthroughs (brilliant as they are), we wanted to know what other stories captivated our readers in 2017.

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Dec 5 2017

Three Key Questions for Breaking Into Translational Research

Breakthroughs in basic science build the foundation for clinical research and our treatment of children’s health. Many basic scientists, however, find themselves wanting to play a more active role in connecting their lab discoveries from the bench to the bedside. The Office of Postdoctoral Affairs at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia held a Q&A panel, “How to Break Into Translational Research As a Basic Scientist,” in October as part of their week-long, biannual Translational Research Workshop.

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Nov 20 2017

Researchers Get to the Root of Hunger in Primary Care

Around seven years ago during a well visit at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, a 12-year-old boy told Saba Khan, MD, an attending physician at CHOP, that there was one problem she could not fix. Intrigued, Dr. Khan asked him to explain further. At first hesitant, the young man finally explained what he meant. He had a pain in his belly that never went away, and he knew exactly what that pain was: Hunger. “I’m always hungry,” he said to Dr. Khan.

Dr. Khan was floored. At the time, she was unfamiliar about how to address the issue of food insecurity because she had not yet encountered it in primary care practice.

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Sep 8 2017

CAR-T Cell Approval, Hope on Wheels, Task Force on Pregnant Women, Taking Flight for Autism, NFL Concussion Research, Doug Wallace

CHOP Research In the NewsSeptember marks National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month, and this year at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, we kick-started the commemorative period on the heels of exciting news about breakthroughs in pediatric cancer immunotherapy research. Oncology investigators at CHOP also got a big boost in research funding from Hyundai’s nonprofit organization, Hope on Wheels. And that’s only the beginning: Since September marks the return of the football season, we’re thrilled to share the latest headlines on how the National Football League (NFL) is helping to drive concussion research.

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Aug 31 2017

A Moment to Remember: First-of-its-Kind Cancer Treatment Approved by FDA

It was a pivotal moment that has turned into a new era for cancer immunotherapy. On April 17, 2012, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia researchers for the first time treated a pediatric patient with a cellular therapy that used her own reprogrammed immune cells, called T cells, to attack her aggressive form of blood cancer.

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Aug 23 2017

Mitochondrial Gene Defects Associated With Autism Traced Back to Ancient Times

Differences in mitochondrial function are a major factor in understanding the origins of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), according to a new study led by Douglas Wallace, PhD, director of the Center for Mitochondrial and Epigenomic Medicine at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, that points way back to genetic vulnerabilities accumulated during ancient human migrations.

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Aug 4 2017

Got Skills? What it Takes to be a Learning Health System Researcher

learning-health-system_cropDon’t let those crisp, white lab coats fool you. While researchers share the ultimate goal of reaching new findings that can advance the best possible medical care, they aren’t all the same.

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Jul 28 2017

Psychology in Media Award, Targeted Cancer Drugs, Dermatology App, CHOP ROP Model, Beckwith-Wiedemann Conference

CHOP Research In the NewsRead on for more exciting headlines from this week, including highlights from our inaugural “Deciphering Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome” conference.

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