“What works?” in healthcare is the driving question for the Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness’ (CPCE) multidisciplinary research team and their new director Alex Fiks, MD, MSCE. The research Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia is dedicated to facilitating, organizing, and centralizing the performance of clinical effectiveness research to discover and share knowledge about best practices in pediatric care.
Category Archive: Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness
Every child with cancer deserves the greatest opportunity to be cured, no matter where in the world they live. This overarching sense of purpose took Julianne Burns, MD, a third-year pediatric Infectious Diseases fellow, from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia to the Hospital Infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral (HIRRC) in the Dominican Republic for four weeks this summer to conduct much needed infectious disease research.
The Findings: Children and adults treated with five classes of oral antibiotics have a significantly higher risk of developing kidney stones. The five classes include oral sulfas, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, nitrofurantoin, and broad-spectrum penicillins. Patients who received sulfa drugs were more than twice as likely as those not exposed to antibiotics to have kidney stones. For broad-spectrum penicillins, the increased risk was 27 percent higher. The strongest risks appeared at younger ages and among patients most recently exposed to antibiotics. The risk of kidney stones decreased over time but remained elevated several years after antibiotic use.
In our latest roundup of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia research headlines, learn how our investigators took their discoveries from the bench to the bedside (and beyond), gaining local and national recognition for their hard-earned advances in interventional cardiology practice, asthma management, multiple sclerosis (MS), and more. On top of that, we give you updates on April’s successful Walk for Hope and share our excitement for this Saturday’s Eagles Autism Challenge — two fun-filled family events that illustrate just how much scientific breakthroughs rely on both the community and our scientists.
Editor’s Note: In his career as a social psychologist, Douglas Hill, PhD, focuses on understanding how parents, children, and healthcare providers think about and cope with stressful health situations. For the past six years, Dr. Hill has worked with an interdisciplinary team in the lab of Chris Feudtner, MD, PhD, MPH, on research topics including hopeful thinking among parents of children with serious illness, regoaling, good parent beliefs, coping skill interventions for parents, barriers to initiation of palliative care among pediatric oncologists, the impact of pediatric illness on families, and identifying pediatric patients who are unable to communicate.
For many of our researchers, the annual Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) Meeting is more than just another conference or convention: It’s an exciting and educational event filled with discovery and discussion about the myriad ways we can improve children’s health. This year, experts from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia will convene in Toronto from May 5 to 8 for four days of networking, presentations, poster sessions, and awards. They’ll represent a range of pediatric fields — from behavioral health to bone health, injury research to emergency medicine, neonatology to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and almost everything in between.
Bigger isn’t always better, especially when it comes to combating pediatric infectious disease. Researchers conducted a study that compared the effectiveness of broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment to narrow-spectrum antibiotic treatment for common childhood acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs). Children who received narrow-spectrum antibiotics had a higher health-related quality of life and a reduced risk of antibiotic side effects as compared to children receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics, according to data from this study.
This first of December, we’re recognizing World Aids Day by sharing the latest research from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia investigators who partnered with the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Botswana, and the Botswana Ministry of Health through the Botswana-UPenn partnership, in order to address sub-Saharan Africa’s HIV/AIDS epidemic. Alongside their findings published last week, our news roundup also includes special congratulations to Diva De León-Crutchlow, MD, on a “sweet” new award from Congenital Hyperinsulinism International, and novel research findings from our investigators who study cardiology, genetics, and puberty.
September marks National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month, and this year at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, we kick-started the commemorative period on the heels of exciting news about breakthroughs in pediatric cancer immunotherapy research. Oncology investigators at CHOP also got a big boost in research funding from Hyundai’s nonprofit organization, Hope on Wheels. And that’s only the beginning: Since September marks the return of the football season, we’re thrilled to share the latest headlines on how the National Football League (NFL) is helping to drive concussion research.
As summer fades, it’s exciting to embrace a new season filled with vibrant opportunities. The Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia is ushering in the fall with a call for applications to its Pilot Grant Program. The program aims to support CHOP investigators who are interested in conducting studies designed to gather evidence about novel strategies that could shift current research or a clinical practice paradigm.